Zoning in Edmonton
The city of Edmonton has bylaws and regulations in place regarding how property owners can use land in the region. These areas include those specifically zoned for commercial or residential properties. Start by looking at the residential zones, which cover areas restricted to homes and residential properties.
RF1 is a zone restricted to single detached properties, which means that the only homes allowed in this area are single family residences. RF2 is a low density infill zone that allows duplexes and other multiple family dwellings, but most of the zone features single family homes. RF3 is a low density redevelopment zone, which means buildings must contain four or less units. The area also houses a handful of row houses and properties designed for individuals and small families.
The residential small lot zone, also known as RSL, is a zone designed for single family homes. These homes often feature garages, but the homes often have small lots with little land attached to the home. RPL is a planned lot residential zone that features multiple single family homes. Each home has a road running around the back of the house that gives residents access to their homes.
Residential zones in Edmonton also include RF4, RF5 and RF6. RF4, or the semi-detached zone features duplex homes and semi-detached properties, while row housing zone RF5 is limited to connected homes, including townhouses, and housing for more than one family. RF6 is a medium density multiple family zone filled with buildings of one to two stories, and some of the two-story buildings have units on the first and second floor.
Edmonton also has several apartment zones. RA7 is open to apartment buildings of four stories or less, while RA8 allows buildings of six stories or less. RA9 is a high rise apartment zone that permits buildings of more than six stories. Edmonton also has a rural residential zone called RR, which lets people build single family homes in rural communities, and RMH, which is a mobile home zone. Some may find themselves researching the urban character row housing zone, also known as UCRH, which divides larger and smaller properties in different zones.
Like many large cities, Edmonton also has areas zoned for commercial properties and businesses. The neighbourhood convenience commercial zone (CNC) allows businesses designed for local use, while the CSC shopping centre zone designates office space, entertainment facilities and cultural businesses relating to the region. Other commercial zones include:
- Low intensity business zone (CB1) for any businesses located near private homes
- General business zone (CB2) for businesses located near or beside any major road or highway
- Commercial mixed business zone (CB3) for any businesses located or related to transportation
- Highway corridor zone (CHY) for businesses near any common roads and highways leading to the city
- Commercial office zone (CO) for companies relating to public transportation
Property owners should also be aware of industrial zoning in the city. The industrial business zone, light industrial zone, medium industrial zone and heavy industrial zone are all open to businesses and companies relating to different types of industries. These zones have restrictions in place regarding how companies can store items and the level of noise permitted.
Edmonton also has several urban services zones, which are zones that hold private and public companies that help the region. Electrical companies, sewage companies and water companies can all exist in a public utility zone or urban service zone. The public parks zone is open to recreational parks, while the municipal airport zone is zoned specifically for airports.
Edmonton also has a natural areas protection zone, metropolitan recreational zone, river valley activity node zone and an alternative jurisdiction zone. Business and property owners should also look at community services zones, which only allow certain types of housing, and agricultural zones, which regulate how agricultural property owners can use their space. Edmonton also has certain overlays that limit how and when an owner can use a property in a specific zone. Learning more about those zones and overlays can help a property owner learn more about the laws in the city.